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Commonly used Recipe Substitutions

You were planning to make baking powder biscuits for dinner---oh no, you don't have any baking powder. But you have buttermilk and baking soda, see below how to make a substitution. There are many more helpful substitution tips!

Ingredient

 

Quantity

 

Substitute

Baking Powder #1 sub.

 

1 tsp double acting

 

1/4 tsp baking soda + 1/2 cup buttermilk

Baking Powder #2 sub.

 

1 tsp double acting

 

1/4 tsp baking soda + 1/2 tsp cream of tartar

Butter #1 sub.

 

1 cup

 

1 cup margarine

Butter #2 sub.

 

1 cup

 

7/8 cup lard + 1/2 tsp salt

Chocolate

 

1 ounce

 

3 Tbsp cocoa + 1 Tbsp shortening

Corn Starch (for thickening)

 

1 Tbsp

 

2 Tbsp flour

Cream

 

1 cup

 

1/2 cup butter + 3/4 cup milk

Egg

 

1 whole

 

2 egg yolks

Flour #1 sub.

 

1 cup all purpose

 

1 cup + 2 Tbsp cake flour

Flour #2 sub.

 

1 cup cake flour

 

7/8 cup all purpose flour

Flour #2 sub.

 

1 cup self-rising Flour

 

1 cup flour (omit baking powder & salt)

Garlic

 

1 small clove

 

1/8 tsp garlic powder

Herbs

 

1 Tbsp fresh

 

1 tsp dried

Honey

 

1 cup

 

1 1/4 cups sugar + 1/4 cup liquid

Milk, fresh whole

 

1 cup

 

1 cup reconstituted dry milk + 2 tsp butter

Milk, whole

 

1 cup

 

1/2 cup evaporated milk + 1/2 cup water

Milk, sour

 

1 cup

 

1 Tbsp lemon juice or vinegar + sweet milk to make 1 cup

Minced Dry Onion (hydrated)

 

1 Tbsp instant

 

1 small fresh onion

Molasses

 

1 cup

 

1 cup honey

Mustard, prepared

 

1 Tbsp

 

1 tsp dry mustard

Ricotta Cheese

 

1 cup

 

1 cup cottage cheese + 1 Tbsp skim milk

Sour Cream

 

1 cup

 

1 cup yogurt

Sugar, Brown

 

1 cup

 

3/4 cup granulated sugar + 1/4 cup molasses

Sugar, Powdered

 

1 1/3 cups

 

1 cup granulated sugar

Yogurt

 

1 cup

 

1 cup buttermilk

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