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Metric Units and Their Equivalents

Metric Units and Their Equivalents

The metric system of measurement is a very organized system which is based on multiples of ten. For cooking, the three basic metric units are the liter, gram, and meter. All other units are derived from these by adding a prefix to the basic unit.

How many times have you tried to prepare a recipe only to realize that it needs to be converted from grams to teaspoons? Then after all of that the oven temperature is listed in centigrade not Fahrenheit. Do you need to add 10 milliliters of vanilla to a cake batter? If you're math-challenged, don't worry goodcooking.com is here to help!

Metric Prefixes

Liquid Volume Measurements

 

milliliter

centiliter

deciliter

liter

decaliter

hectoliter

1 milliliter =

1

0.1

0.01

0.001

0.0001

0.00001

1 centiliter =

10

1

0.1

0.01

0.001

0.0001

1 deciliter =

100

10

1

0.1

0.01

0.001

1 liter =

1000

100

10

1

0.1

0.01

1 decaliter =

10000

1000

100

10

1

0.1

1 hectoliter =

100000

10000

1000

100

10

1

To find the value of the unit, just multiply the value of the prefix by the base unit.

1 kilogram = kilo x 1 gram = 1000 grams

1 centimeter = centi x 1 meter = 1/100th of a meter or 0.01 meters

3 milliliters = milli x 3 liters = 1/1000 x 3 liters = 3/1000 liters or 0.003 liters

Weight

1 gram =

1000

100

10

1

0.1

0.01

0.001

1 decagram =

10000

1000

100

10

1

0.1

0.01

1 hectogram =

100000

10000

1000

100

10

1

0.1

1 kilogram =

1000000

100000

10000

1000

100

10

1

Length

 

millimeter

centimeter

decimeter

meter

decameter

hectometer

kilometer

1 millimeter =

1

0.1

0.01

0.001

0.0001

0.00001

0.000001

1 centimeter =

10

1

0.1

0.01

0.001

0.0001

0.00001

1 decimeter =

100

10

1

0.1

0.01

0.001

0.0001

1 meter =

1000

100

10

1

0.1

0.01

0.001

1 decameter =

10000

1000

100

10

1

0.1

0.01

1 hectometer =

100000

10000

1000

100

10

1

0.1

1 kilometer =

1000000

100000

10000

1000

100

10

1