Metric Units and Their Equivalents

The metric system of measurement is a very organized system which is based on multiples of ten. For cooking, the three basic metric units are the liter , gram , and meter . All other units are derived from these by adding a prefix to the basic unit.

How many times have you tried to prepare a recipe only to realize that it needs to be converted from grams to teaspoons? Then after all of that the oven temperature is listed in centigrade not Fahrenheit. Do you need to add 10 milliliters of vanilla to a cake batter? If you're math-challenged, don't worry goodcooking.com is here to help!

 PREFIX VALUE IN GRAMS kilo 1000 hecto 100 deca 10 deci 1/10 centi 1/100 milli 1/1000

To find the value of the unit, just multiply the value of the prefix by the base unit.

1 kilogram = kilo x 1 gram = 1000 grams

1 centimeter = centi x 1 meter = 1/100th of a meter or 0.01 meters

3 milliliters = milli x 3 liters = 1/1000 x 3 liters = 3/1000 liters or 0.003 liters

Liquid Volume Measurements

 milliliter centiliter deciliter liter decaliter hectoliter 1 milliliter = 1 0.1 0.01 0.001 0.0001 0.00001 1 centiliter = 10 1 0.1 0.01 0.001 0.0001 1 deciliter = 100 10 1 0.1 0.01 0.001 1 liter = 1000 100 10 1 0.1 0.01 1 decaliter = 10000 1000 100 10 1 0.1 1 hectoliter = 100000 10000 1000 100 10 1

Weight

 milligram centigram decigram gram decagram hectogram kilogram 1 milligram = 1 0.1 0.01 0.001 0.0001 0.00001 0.000001 1 centigram = 10 1 0.1 0.01 0.001 0.0001 0.00001 1 decigram = 100 10 1 0.1 0.01 0.001 0.0001 1 gram = 1000 100 10 1 0.1 0.01 0.001 1 decagram = 10000 1000 100 10 1 0.1 0.01 1 hectogram = 100000 10000 1000 100 10 1 0.1 1 kilogram = 1000000 100000 10000 1000 100 10 1

Length

 millimeter centimeter decimeter meter decameter hectometer kilometer 1 millimeter = 1 0.1 0.01 0.001 0.0001 0.00001 0.000001 1 centimeter = 10 1 0.1 0.01 0.001 0.0001 0.00001 1 decimeter = 100 10 1 0.1 0.01 0.001 0.0001 1 meter = 1000 100 10 1 0.1 0.01 0.001 1 decameter = 10000 1000 100 10 1 0.1 0.01 1 hectometer = 100000 10000 1000 100 10 1 0.1 1 kilometer = 1000000 100000 10000 1000 100 10 1

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